What Are New Jersey Garbage And Dumping Regulations?
There was a time in New Jersey when you could load the bed of a truck with whatever waste you found in your garage and drive it to the dump for disposal. There were very few regulations of what you could not dispose of in a landfill, and recycling centers were unknown. Those days are long past.
Federal and state regulations now require how and what you can dispose of as waste, dividing the material into different categories. In this article, we will break down garbage and dumping regulations in New Jersey with advice on what to do if you have questions about your waste disposal.
Why Regulations Exist
After years of hazardous waste being allowed to enter the environment without control, the federal and state governments put into place regulations to protect the air and groundwater that is shared by all. A secondary reason was to reduce the amount of waste of items that could be recycled back into society. By recycling, the country, and the world are able to save many needed resources for future generations. Regulations like these in New Jersey have benefited the community, yet some confusion can come into play for home and business owners who do not know the rules.
The first thing that all those who live in New Jersey need to realize is that dumping any waste outside of designated legal entities is illegal and carries hefty fines. The minimum fine for illegal dumping is $2500 and $10,000 for each subsequent illegal dumping. In some areas of the state, fines can reach as high as $50,000. As you can see, there is really no reward for dumping your waste outside of designated places.
The Differences Between Types of Waste
Most of us do not give garbage much thought. We have mainly come to understand that industrial chemicals should not be disposed of in the environment. We don’t realize that some household items can be hazardous to others. Here are just a few examples of the types of waste categories.
1. Recycled Material: Material which can be recycled include products made from steel, precious metals, plastics, glass, paper and some reusables that can be reclaimed such as oil.
2. Hazardous Waste: This type of waste can be industrial or household items that are hazardous to the health of the environment (animals and/or plants). Below are a few examples of hazardous wastes.
● Chemical discharges from industrial plants
● Old batteries
● Household chemicals
● Computers and components
● Paints and solvents
● Automotive wastes like oil and transmission fluid
● And more
Hazardous waste that has a lower impact on the environment, such as batteries is called universal waste. This type of waste may not have the impact as an industrial chemical, but due to being so prevalent in society can cause major damage with the amount disposed of each year.
3. Food Waste: A large amount of food waste is disposed of each year costing billions of dollars to discard.
4. Agricultural Waste: Waste produced in the agriculture business. Pesticides and fertilizers can be considered hazardous since runoff of this material can affect the environment.
5. Medical Waste: Medical waste is derived from the medical community and includes syringes, items that were exposed to bodily fluids and other items that have a biohazard waste signature
6. Demolition Waste: This type of waste extends from home or building demolitions and remodels. Depending on the age of the material and what the building material is, some of these items can be hazardous.
Types of Disposal
Depending on the type of waste that requires disposal, there are various techniques used in New Jersey that are covered under regulations.
● Landfill: The landfill normally involves burying regular trash under the earth’s surface.
● Recycling center: These centers are tasked with taking items that can be reused and segregation them so that they can be reconditioned, melted or re-used.
● Biological Reprocessing: This process involves natural products like wood, plant material, and paper. The material can be used as mulch or compost.
● Materials that cannot be placed into the ground or recycled may be incinerated at a special facility for this type of process/
Residents of New Jersey bear part of the responsibility for following regulations on waste. Separating recyclable material, keeping hazardous wastes out of regular trash and not exposing the environment to household or automotive waste are just some of the responsibilities.
Keeping your household within regulations is normally an easy process as long as some care is given to what waste you are using at home. A larger problem occurs when a homeowner or business decides to construct or remodel, especially when demolition takes place. These can cause a large amount of waste that you do not know how to handle. Issues can also arise when owners decide to clean out a garage, supply room or storage building, as large amounts of universal waste can build up over time.
How To Stay Within Regulations With Waste Disposal
When business or home owners find they have a large amount of waste from demolitions or cleanouts, they have a couple of choices. One, learn the proper way to separate materials and deliver them to the corresponding disposal station, or two, contact a professional waste disposal company.
By using a professional waste removal and disposal company, it will remove much of the headache of following the proper regulations. Waste removal companies are professionals who can not only explain how to treat waste during demolition or cleanouts but also provide the dumpsters and other vessels to place each type of waste. In the end, using a professional company can save you time and money to get the job completed safely and within New Jersey regulations.
New Jersey follows both state and federal regulations on disposal of garbage and dumping. The many types of waste and ways of disposal are governed by these regulations and can be confusing to homeowners and businesses. Those who hire a professional junk and waste removal service will sleep better knowing all the required regulations are being followed.